Saturday, January 23, 2016

Phase 3, week 3

Hi all

As you're doing your posts this week, don't forget all the things you can also cover (see the list in last week's post.

For next week, you'll have that essay on JFK in the double period.
It's open notes, so don't stress out.
Remember the structure and essay elements that we talked about in class.

Second, please note that you also have to read pages 97 to 146 in Darkness at Noon for Wednesday.


  1. Ukraine Conflict +
    Topic: Ukrainian and Russian gas companies fine each other important amounts of money.
    Angle: Quite objective articles; mostly stating facts. Perhaps an extremely small bias in terms of describing Ukraine as disrespecting agreements and trying to cut ties with Russia. Jan. 19th
    Topic: Ukraine raises tariffs on Russian gas
    Angle: Western bias: we are given no information on what Russia thinks about this, only that this conforms with Ukrainian regulations and that this is a “negotiation point” with Russia which leaves much questions unanswered...

  2. Terrorsim US:

    Topic: This article talks about the news visa laws recently passed by the US to stop terrorists from entering the country.
    Angle: The Hill focuses on the flaws of this new system as it "aims" to only stop the terrorists who have recently traveled in mid eastern countries. Those worrying words are accompanied by frightening pictures of terrorists and allusions to the Paris terrorist attacks carried out by European nationals.

    Topic: Same topic is being discussed here.
    Angle: This article seems much more convinced by the efficiency of this new program as they describe it with "new stricter regulations" and that it will "keep out terrorists". At no moment do they doubt the expertise and adeptness of these new laws.


    In a short article, RT offers a more judgmental aspect and opinion regarding the statistics concerning the slaves that ISIS have in Iraq.

    The Washington Post sounds very informational, this in the sense that the article sounds very factual, and is very often giving numbers and then interpreting them in a very impartial manner.

  4. Thailand:

    Bangkok Post:
    The Bangkok Post is ranked the most popular english-written newspaper, therefore the Thai government is really careful about the information given out. In this article, the Prime Minister is set as an honorable man who asked the media to pay respect to a recently dead actor, Por Tridsadee Sahawong's family.

    In this article, it seems that the UK wants to show the English people that Thailand is still a great touristic destination, even though there were murders in September 2014, by proving that the victim's sister's accusations are unjustified and showing the efforts the country are doing.

  5. Iranian Nuclear Conflict:
    Topic: This article talks about the different methods used to put pressure on Iran to free the US prisoners and to finalize the nuclear deal.
    Angle: This article was written for mostly educated democrats as the language used is quite advanced, and this article praises President Obama's and John Kerry's methods.
    Topic: This article states that Iran will open three tourism offices in China before 2017.
    Angle: This article was written to show how the Nuclear Agreement is helping the country to develop, therefore this article was written for people who agree with the nuclear agreement.

  6. Afghanistan
    The US change policy concerning war-initatives in Afghanistan, and the newspaper portrays it as an act of pure generosity and benevolence (which can be seen inthe underlining of only certain words in blue).
    The peace negotiations are in process; the Afghan and US leaders are represented as being on especially good terms(which is very positive as outside help is the only way the country can free itself from its situation), waiting for the still-absent Taliban.


  7. SANA presents as a headline that US won’t send invites to little party coming up: Geneva 25th because they don’t know who the real opposition is. SANA News is pro-Assad government therefore pro-Russian, and against the opposition: newspaper is subtly presenting that the opposition not being invited is good; because the new kid won’t outrule the current cool kid.

    ISW presents the US’s personal interest and “duty” in stopping Syrian conflict with a poster, on which we can see John Kerry seating in the absolute middle of the table: US domination of the international talks with UN on the side (could show that have less influence). Poster called the “Myth of an Anti-ISIS Grand Coalition”!

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    Topic: It is revealed that although cyberattacks are criminalized in America, cyber security espionage centers such as the NSA will send malwares to obtain valuable information.
    Angle: The American article is surprisingly accusative and heated. Recurrent words are "Sure, Surprise!, we can stop pretending". The vocabulary is subject-specific and addressed to geeks in general.

    Topic: For the first time, a US official admits that America is responsible for Syrian and Chinese cyber attacks.
    Angle: The American article is neutral, giving us information on both sides, but the author is discontented "discomfort, crossed lines". It is addressed to everyone and if we don't understand a word we can click on it to see the definition.

  11. Iranian nuclear conflict:

    New York Times:

    This article talks about the supreme leader of Iran ( Ali Khamenei ) who states that Iran must be sure that the U.S will respect their part of the deal.
    The angle: The language of the article is not too complicated and seems to want to say to the American people that the U.S must not underestimate the importance of the deal and respect it.

    Tehran Times:

    This article talks about how the U.N decided to help Iran save Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forest.
    The angle: This article shows us that Iran wants to show its people that now that the nuclear deal is going well, it can communicate with the world and even work with them on problems going on in and outside of Iran.

    Nicolas Rival

  12. Taliban suicide attack in Kabul.
    The article starts by stating the Taliban suicide car bomber on a TV news minibus killed 7. Al Jazeera focuses almost exclusively on how it affected Kabul, showing the point of view of a victim's relative, the chief executives point of view and how it is a complication for the news and peace scenes.

    The Nytimes start by stating the Taliban's view on events, as they viewed the news station as satanical and filled with spies. Afterwards, they tie the attack to broader events as the other Taliban attacks and their troublesome gain of territory, the most since 2001.

  13. Unrest in Egypt :
    Both articles speak of the 2011 Revolution anniversary that’s tomorrow but from two different points of views, the government’s and the people’s view.
    - Daily News Egypt :
    The article is about the unprecedented security measures ahead of 25 January anniversary. The article is a little like propaganda for the government since it shows how what the state is doing is great, how it’s very helpful, how it’s for the good of all Egyptians, and how it’s to protect them from “outlaws and rioters”.
    -The :
    It is an overview of how Egyptians fought during many years for a democracy which they still do not have. The news outlet denounces the state’s oppression and it’s firm grasp of the country (“police state”) therefore the Telegraph is more against the government and more for the people and their right.

  14. Conflict in Venezuela:

    The president is asking the opposition to have a constructive dialogue with him in order to reactivate the economy. El Nacional tends to be really optimistic about the situation, strongly emphasizing that an economic growth will soon follow and having total confidence in Maduro’s actions; thus reaffirming its political outlook: centre-right, just like Maduro.

    The president of the National Assembly believes that the government is “terminally ill”, urging the Venezuelans to unify themselves against an incapable government. The article maintains its conservative outlook, always highly critical of the government and Maduro, using words which suggest a bitter anger: “ignominy”, “agony”, “terminal”, “degrading” and “definitive battle.”

    Have fun at The Hague!


    Boko Haram
    Human rights groups are accusing the Nigerian army of killing the people of Nigeria, mistaking them for Boko Haram members.
    This article is written in favor of the people and depicts the army as the ‘bad guys’. this article says that there is now a fight between the military and the people, when there should only be a fight between the army and Boko Haram.
    Thousands of Nigerian people have returned to their homes in Nigeria and found ruins, instead of their houses.
    This article makes the current situation seem desperate, yet cites all of the solutions that will get Nigeria and Cameroon out of this mess.

    Topic: talks that will be held in Geneva in order to decrease tensions between Russia and the US in Syria.
    Angle: RT uses several words that inquire what is going to happen and tries to predict the future in order to appease the reader about the war. They also place Moscou infront of Washington when they talk about Russia and the US. They also put the casualties and bases they destroyed since the begging of the conflict at the end
    Topic: discussion about the Geneva talks that will happen.
    Angle: Talks with complicated words but that are understandable. Very long article. Put US in the front and what the army should do to get rid of isis


    Topic: New tensions between governement forces and opposing rebels.
    Angle: Definitely orientated towards the Sudan governement, with the very evocative title “South Sudan accused of fresh attacks”. Denounces the UN for their supposed “lack of help”.

    Topic: The situation in South Sudan does not seem to be getting any better.
    Angle: UN blames Sudan Governement for their supposed deliberate attacks towards civilians. It is apparent in this article that the UN does not have a clear view on the current political situation, insisting only on the human crimes committed.

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  19. I couldn't find new posts this week, so I looked at the presentation/ layout of the websites.

    The Diplomat:
    The homepage is very organized. There are different tabs at the top of the page, and when we scroll down, the recent articles are classed by theme. The title of the newspaper is not taking up that much space: it's written in a corner. However, the main 'breaking news' articles are emphasized by having a slide presentation at the top of the page. The use of images is reasonable, and the site uses the three most eye-catching colors: black, white and red. Everything seems to be clean and professional.

    China Daily:
    The dominant colors of the homepage are white and blue. This possibly makes the abundant but smaller images stand out more. From time to time, there are some advertisements. Plus, if we are looking at the chinese version of ChinaDaily, there are even more pop-up advertisements on the side of the screen. Articles are organized in two colons under themes, and it seems as if every bit of space is used to have an article stick there. It gives the image of an accumulation of articles and images.

  20. North Korean Conflict


    The US troops are training against the North’s nuclear threat in South Korea: description of their staged exercises, their equipment.
    Western bias. Objective description/language about US troops’ preparation: “We train harder”, “We know we have to be ready”, “suited in "Level B" protective suits, chemical resistant boots”. They are motivated by subjective suppositions: “uranium -- a substance North Korea is believed to possess”, “chemical facilities are believed to be below ground”, “it's pretty likely…”

    -Korean Central News Agency (EMAILED ARTICLE)

    The US has always been attacking NK: recalls US destruction during the Korean War.
    The US stages "north-targeted" military exercises in SK with nuclear weapons. Their presence in SK is a threat to the world: therefore their troops have to be pulled out “urgently”.
    North Korean bias. Strongly against the US: accumulation of aggressive, judgmental denunciations and phrasing ("aggressor", "provocateur") To prove that NK is right, US war attacks are listed very precisely/ factually. The claimed source for these facts is a recent Canadian article: NK wants to show how other countries are also denouncing the US as a threat and defending NK.

  21. East China Sea

    Same problem as Lisa, no news.
    Very clean and professional website. The landing page is chock full of news ranging from Tech to Politics as well as "Life" news (different subjects are sorted at the top in a row). The different articles are sometimes displayed differently depending on their importance so if something is considered "alarming" Reuters will display it with bigger text and in all caps, for example. There's a stock Index area at the very top which shows that Reuters is still business centered though. As you scroll down there's a mix of international political/economic/etc news.

    China Daily has multiple separate versions of its website depending on the region of the reader (US, EU, Africa, Asia/China). The info on these websites is mostly China centered (though there are smaller "World" sections that talk about worldwide affairs ) and display the news with big images and text to attract readers. Just like Reuters they also offer less serious articles under the categories "Lifestyle" to open their journal to a broader audience.

  22. Nothing has happened in the South China Sea this week so this post is about the language used on The Guardian and Chinadaily:
    - judgmental language
    - relatively simple language. Meant to be understood by everyone
    The Guardian:
    - Objective language
    - Use of exemples
    - simple language

  23. Ukraine

    The Telegraph (
    Ukraine refused to pay back its debts to Russia, because she refused to agree on the $18 billion restructuring. The article emphasises on the longstanding disagreement between the two countries which needs Germany’s intervention as an intermediary who “declined to immediately comment on the default.”

    Reuters (
    Meanwhile, Ukraine fines Gazpron $3.4 billion for the “abuse of the monopoly on the transit market” which resulted in drastic gas cuts. The article seems impartial as it presents the arguments of both sides, showing how neither are really based on solid facts and both sides claiming money from the opposing party.

    Adrien Lopez

  24. Libya conflict

    Al Jazeera:

    The article talks about the deal that was struck on the 19th of January between the two main political factions in Libya, it clearly specifies that only 7 ministers signed the agreement.


    The BBC also talks about the trade agreement and the fact that only a small proportion of the ministers signed the deal, it then gives us information about the origins of the political instability in libya.

    Angle: Both articles present the deal in a similar way, giving us facts and little opinion. The only difference is that AL Jazeera hints that one of the UN leaders who encouraged this deal may have been offered a high paying job by the United Arab Emirates who back the Tobruk governement.


    The risks of the Sahel region becoming a "Syria times 10". Warning people the readers that they should keep an eye out (or possibly elect people that keep an eye out) on the Sahel region.
    Angle: Very pro-intervention in Africa.

    I don't have a name for this. it's not satire and not comedy but the author is making fun of a Mauritanian report that stated that a French vehicle blew up in Kidal earlier this week. The article says that the war also goes on in the press so people should only relay certified information.
    Angle: Malian citizen reading and reaction to the news. He mentions his audience multiple times.

  26. NAIJ:
    This article talks about how Nigerian troops caught and killed Boko Haram members and got a hold of many of their weapons.
    Angle: This is written as "good news" (as it says in the headline) and reinforces the idea that Nigerian military is doing progress even though Boko Haram is still threatening.

    The Guardian:

    The article compares the progression in use of energy of different countries, such as Nigeria (40% sustainable, 95% reliable, and 14% affordable).
    Angle: The Guardian's choice of topic concerning Nigeria is more long term than NAIJ's and simplifies the information into three criterias in order to compare it to other countries.


    Source : The Mexican Times

    This blunt and shaprly worded article explains how investigators from Spain now have proof against Humberto Moreira for laundering money and having ties with the notorious cartel Los Zetas.

    Source : The New York Times

    This article takes a fairly neutral stance on the matter ; not once is the cartel los Zetas mentioned. However, it does go more in depth in explaining the political tensions and mishaps between Spain and Mexico, and its own people as of now.

  28. Topic: the Bacha University attack by the Taliban in Peshawar
    -layout: short title “University attack, 1 picture of two female family members in a white nikab.
    -language: Starts with “again”, so they are showing that this isn’t the first time to perhaps calm the population down a bit. There is a lot of present tense and imperative verbs related to action.
    -audience: to Pakistan’s population, to show that they are doing something against the attack. Interestingly, the author of this article, starts off with the university attack, but continues to discuss the border between Pakistan and Afghanistan.
    -publication:in Pakistan, and available globally online.
    -layout: Long title, with key figures (number of casualties), with multiple references and quotes
    -language: A bit judgemental since there is a good amount of adjectives but overall objective since they cite a lot of people, language is pretty simple, understandable for an educated population, in past tense.
    -audience: It is mainly aimed at Indians, but is also a stab at Pakistan, since they call Peshwar a “militant-infested” zone. They also focus mainly on the attack, contrarily to the other news source.
    -publication: in India mainly, but it is distributed electronically across the world.

    1. Sorry!!! I mixed up the two texts, the one for this week is in the blog for last week...... Sorry...

  29. The New York Times front page looks a little more serious as it does not have an advertisements or anything of the sort. On today's RT page, war all over the world seems to occupy almost the whole front page. For example there is an article on the Russian Air Force,the Syrian army, and an article on the Paris attacks that took place back in November of 2015. On the NYT however, the articles seem a little less war-related.

  30. Adrien Fourneaux and Etienne Frady Source Analysis

    I'm comparing Etienne's Washington Post to my China Daily.

    So the Washing Post is not conservative at all compared to China Daily. When uou go on China Daily, it only has CHina news while the WP is very broa and talks about the whole world. Additionally, China Daily focuses not only on political things but entertainement and other things. While on the other hand, Washing Post focuses on economicand political thing

  31. Cybersecurity:

    Us News:
    Us News is clearly out of information to transmit about cybersecurity, and have come down to writing about the important cost of wifi that is supposedly free... They have nothing relevant to write about.

    Huffington Post:
    Well, as incredible as it may seem, Huffington Post has found even less ideas than US News on the subject of cybersecurity, and have resulted in reporting a staged comedy show talking about Anonymous...

    It seems nothing is happening in the domain of cybersecurity lately.

    Quentin Siart
    (sorry for the delay, I forgot to do it and was reminded only this morning)